CCCH9048 China: Culture, State and Society
History is vital in navigating our own time and in planning for the future, as well as for providing identity and meaning to a community. But, for China, is this how it functions orrewritten and censored to serve Power, has it turned into an obstacle to its rise and modernization? The history wars and extreme nationalism involved in conflicts between China, Japan, and South Korea is, for example, repeatedly fuelling conflict. Historical claims for the South China Sea go against the records of other involved nations, as does what seems to be a Chinese insistence to the return of a sinocentric tributary system. This course grapples with the weight of China’s history, its institutions, ways of life, belief and power relations, and how this affects China’s potential to continue its modernization process. It scrutinizes the fabrication of history in China, asking how master narratives have been created and what facts have been selected, actively forgotten or silenced. How has, for example, museum design addressed questions of historical consciousness, identity and history? How are different forms of material cultural heritage used and how is local history represented and imagined? Similarly important, on an individual level, what are the social effects of the imposed amnesia around events actually experienced? The course asks what purposes History serves and has served, from the ‘abject’ past of modern China to the very cornerstone the nation’s leadership builds its legitimacy on. In doing so, it engages students with historical memory and its projection into the future, arguably the most important raw material that has been used over the last two decades to construct China’s national identity.
Course Learning Outcomes
On completing the course, students will be able to:
- Explain major problems and controversies relating to China’s history culture.
- Analyse the importance of history in the establishment and development of the People’s Republic of China.
- Formulate critically various issues relating to history, memory, and heritage in contemporary China.
- Discuss the importance of history and historical consciousness for the future of the Chinese state and society.
Offer Semester and Day of Teaching
Second Semester (Wed)
|Activities||Number of hours|
|Reading / Self-study||48|
|Assessment: Group project (incl preparation)||40|
Assessment: 100% coursework
Required Reading and Viewing
- Buruma, I. (2017, June 19). Are China and the United States headed for war? The New Yorker. From https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/06/19/are-china-and-the-united-states-headed-for-war
- Crossley, P. K. (2019, January 29). Xi’s China is steamrolling its own history. Foreign Policy. From https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/01/29/xis-china-is-steamrolling-its-own-history/
- Harvard Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies. Metaphor, myth, and ‘dividing up the Chinese melon’ with Rudolf Wagner. From https://soundcloud.com/harvard/metaphor-myth-and-dividing-up-the-chinese-melon-with-rudolf-wagner
- Johnson, I. (2016, June 8). China’s memory manipulators. The Guardian. From https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/08/chinas-memory-manipulators
- Lim, L. The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen revisited. From https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INeBetlLKSs [Lecture delivered in USC US-China Institute]
- Lin, C. Year Hare Affair. From https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=The+Year+Hare+Affair+first+season [First season]
- Ng, O. -C., & Wang, Q. E. (2005). Mirroring the past: The writing and use of history in imperial China. University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu. From https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/23078/%2347_Ng.pdf?sequence=1 [Prologue]
- Oral History Society. (2012). Is Your Oral History Legal and Ethical? From http://www.ohs.org.uk/advice/ethical-and-legal/
- Schell, O. (2016, October 5). To forget or remember? China’s struggle with its past. The Washington Quarterly, 39(3), 143-157.
- Spiegelman, A. (1986). Maus I: A survivor’s tale: My father bleeds history. Pantheon. [First seventy pages]
- The Australian National University. (2005, March). Beijing: The fate of the old. China Heritage Newsletter. From http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/features.php?searchterm=001_beijing.inc&issue=001
- Wang, Z. (2012, Spring). Never forget national humiliation. The Newsletter, 59. International Institute for Asian Studies. From https://iias.asia/sites/default/files/IIAS_NL59_3233.pdf
- Cohen, P. A. (2009). Speaking to history: The story of King Goujian in twentieth-century China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- French, H. (2017, March). Everything under the heavens: How the past helps shape China’s push for global power.
- Hirsch, M. (2008, March 1). The generation of postmemory. Poetics Today, 29(1), 103–128. Duke University Press.
- Lim, L. (2014). The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen revisited. Oxford University Press.
- MacMillan, M. (2008). Dangerous games: The uses and abuses of history. Modern Library Chronicles.
- Wang, J. (2011). Beijing record: A physical and political history of planning modern Beijing. World Scientific Publishing Company.
- Wang, Z. (2012). Never forget national humiliation: Historical memory in Chinese Politics and foreign relations. Columbia University Press.
- Zhou, X. (2013). Forgotten voices of Mao’s Great Famine, 1958-1962: An oral history.